The world of JavaScript is never dull, as there is always something new to learn or discover. JavaScript offers a great collection of frameworks and libraries that are beneficial for creating next-generation web applications.

As a developer, it becomes tricky to know which one to use for your application. This article will explore two of the most popular JavaScript frameworks, AlphineJS and VueJS.

But why only these two and not others? Because they are popular and very similar to each other(you will learn about it soon).

So, let’s get started by first introducing both AlpineJS and VueJS.

  1. Table 1: Alpine vs Vue
  2. VueJS Introduction
  3. AlpineJS Introduction
  4. Getting Started: Alpine vs Vue
  5. Learning Curve: Alpine vs Vue
  6. When to Use? Alpine vs Vue
  7. Conclusion

VueJS vs AlpineJS
If you are in a hurry, then check out the Alpine vs Vue table.

Table 1: Alpine vs Vue

Alpine Vue
Mini Zipped Size 7.61KB 18KB
Build Based on Vue Completely Built From Scratch
Languages 99.5% JavaScript and 0.5% HTML 97.7% JavaScript and 2.3% others
Contributors: 66 371
GitHub Repo
Features Minimal

Declarative rendering

Tons of directives

Uses Vue syntax







VueJS Introduction

VueJS is a progressive JavaScript framework. This means that you can add it to your existing project without the need to rework it.

It is a versatile yet powerful framework that lets you build interactive user interfaces. The good thing about Vue is its ability to be integrated into other libraries or frameworks, making it easy for you to customize your project as per your liking.

The key three main features of VueJS include:

  • Versatile
  • Approachable
  • Performant
  • Testable
  • Maintainable

To get a taste of what it has to offer, let’s see it in action.

<script src=""></script>

<div id="pwr">
{{graphics}} is the most powerful graphics card right now!

const app = new Vue({
el: '#pwr',
data: {
graphics:'Nvidia RTX 3090'

The output for the above code would be as below:

AlpineJS Tutorial

Sounds cool, right?

However, Vue is more than this. It is reactive, which means that any change in the data will be instantly updated to the front end. So, for example, you can add more items to the “#pwr” element and render them. Their values can also be updated based on the inventory and you can also use APIs to call in data from the database. These can be done on a single page or can divide pages for better code management.

AlpineJS Introduction

AlpineJS, on the other hand, is a minimal JavaScript framework that lets you add JavaScript behavior to your project. When compared to Vue, Alpine is small, offers a minimalistic approach to web design. So, if you are a project that requires functionalities, but you do not want to integrate Vue, then you can go through the Alpine route. You can think of it as a lightweight version of Vue.

Also, Alpine is based on Vue. So, you will have no issues adapting to Alpine for your project. With Alpine, you can bring customizability to your project such as customizing dropdowns, sidebars, tabs, and so on!

<script src="" defer></script>

<div x-data = "{isOpen: false}">
<button x-on:click ="isOpen = !isOpen">Toogle</button>
<h1 x-show = "isOpen">Alpine vs Vue</h1>

The above code is a simple example of using a toggle button to hide the content.

Getting Started: Alpine vs Vue


You can get started with Vue by simply including the CDN in your project.

<script src=”“></script>

You can also use the production version that is optimized for speed and size.

<script src=”“></script>

Also, you can create a project using npm by typing the following.

vue create my-new-project


Getting started with Alpine is also easy. All you need to do is use CDN just like Vue.

<script src=”” defer></script>

Apart from that, you can also use npm to use Alpine. For that, you need to type the following command.

npm i alpinejs

Learning Curve: Alpine vs Vue

If you are starting out with one of these two libraries for the first time without knowing the other one, you will have a good learning curve for it. However, if you know one, then you can master the other one. We recommend checking out Vue first as it offers more feature-set. However, if your project doesn’t need that, then you can simply go through Alpine and implement the much-needed functionality to your site.

When to Use? Alpine vs Vue

By now, you might be thinking about what are the use-cases for Alpine and Vue? For beginners, it is important to learn their use-cases.

Alpine is a great pick for projects where you want to add functionality to your website without the need to add a bulky framework or library. So, if you are building an app that requires small touches without the need to sacrifice performance, then Alpine is a good choice.

Vue is a great pick for big projects where you need to make your site dynamic and reactive. For example, Vue is a good pick for eCommerce sites as you can dynamically add information without the need to wait for the server response.

If you look at the statistics, you will understand more about its usage pattern. According to Wppalyzer, Alpine.js is used by 12,000 websites. In comparison, Vue.js powers 500K+ websites. This means that Alpine is mostly used for projects that have very specific requirements.

However, Alpine.js sits at just 2% of the market share compared to Vue.js which is 98%. Alpine works best for a simple static website or on server-side rendering apps that use backend frameworks. So, if you want to add basic interactivity or features, then you can use Alpine. For instance, you can use Alpine to add tabs, lists, dropdowns, and so on.

In case you are wondering that you have jQuery for it, then you are right! However, there are also instances where you need to prefer Alpine over jQuery, especially legacy projects where it is not possible to use jQuery anymore. Also, jQuery usage increasing the project size which is not desirable in many modern projects.

Alpine is ideal for single-page applications that do not require the full-blown features that a multi-page application needs. In case you do, then you need to go with either Vue.js or React.

Is Alpine an Alternative to jQuery?

Alpine lets you do the job of jQuery. After all, it is created as a replacement of jQuery with a Vue template flavor. This makes it important for us to understand how Alpine differentiates from jQuery.

The first big difference is how jQuery and Alpine access the DOM. jQuery utilizes the cross-browser compatibility layer jQuery Core to access the DOM and hence manipulate it. On the other hand, Alpine uses the x-bind attribute binding directive to achieve the same desired result. As you can see, directives are the key here. To handle events, Alpine uses the x-on directive which is different from jQuery’s approach.

But, what about effects?

Alpine uses its own set of x-transition directives for effects. jQuery has its own methods such as fadeIn, slideUp, and so on.

When it comes to size, Alpine wins. It stands at 21.9 kb minified in comparison to 87.6 kb minified.


Both frameworks are useful in their way. The choice depends on your project type and it is up to you to decide which one fits the project’s needs.

There is no doubt that Alpine is not a solid alternative to a framework that you are using to deploy your project. If you look at statistics, then also you will find it lacking the necessary features to make it popular among JavaScript developers. In short, it is a good alternative to jQuery as it lets developers add good front-end features without the need to import or include a full-fledged front-end framework.

So, what do you think about Alpine and Vue? Do you think that Alpine serves its purpose or is it just a redundant framework with no real purpose or need? Comment below and let us know what you think about the frameworks.